Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Title: Subseafloor Archaea reflect 139 kyrs of paleodepositional changes in the northern Red Sea
Authors: More, Kuldeep D.; Wuchter, Cornelia; Irigoien, Xabier; Tierney, Jessica E.; Giosan, Liviu; Grice, Kliti; Coolen, Marco J. L.
Citation: GEOBIOLOGY, 2021, 19, 162-172
Abstract: The vertical distribution of subseafloor archaeal communities is thought to be primarily controlled by in situ conditions in sediments such as the availability of electron acceptors and donors, although sharp community shifts have also been observed at lithological boundaries suggesting that at least a subset of vertically stratified Archaea form a long-term genetic record of coinciding environmental conditions that occurred at the time of sediment deposition. To substantiate this possibility, we performed a highly resolved 16S rRNA gene survey of vertically stratified archaeal communities paired with paleo-oceanographic proxies in a sedimentary record from the northern Red Sea spanning the last glacial-interglacial cycle (i.e., marine isotope stages 1-6; MIS1-6). Our results show a strong significant correlation between subseafloor archaeal communities and drastic paleodepositional changes associated with glacial low vs. interglacial high stands (ANOSIM; R = .73; p = .001) and only a moderately strong correlation with lithological changes. Bathyarchaeota, Lokiarchaeota, MBGA, and DHVEG-1 were the most abundant identified archaeal groups. Whether they represented ancient cell lines from the time of deposition or migrated to the specific sedimentary horizons after deposition remains speculative. However, we show that the majority of sedimentary archaeal tetraether membrane lipids were of allochthonous origin and not produced in situ. Slow post-burial growth under energy-limited conditions would explain why the downcore distribution of these dominant archaeal groups still indirectly reflect changes in the paleodepositional environment that prevailed during the analyzed marine isotope stages. In addition, archaea seeded from the overlying water column such as Thaumarchaeota and group II and III Euryarchaeota, which were likely not have been able to subsist after burial, were identified from a lower abundance of preserved sedimentary DNA signatures, and represented direct markers of paleoenvironmental changes in the Red Sea spanning the last six marine isotope stages.
Keywords: glacial\&\#8211; interglacial cycles; marine isotope stages; paleoecology; paleo\&\#8208; environment; paleome; subsurface archaea; AGE CALIBRATION; SEDIMENTS; COMMUNITIES; POPULATIONS; SAPROPELS; EVOLUTION; BACTERIA; CLIMATE; PALEOME; RECORD
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: WILEY
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12421
ISSN: 1472-4677
E-ISSN: 1472-4669
Funder: KAUST-WHOI Special Academic Partnership Program [OCRF-SP-WHOI-2013, 7000000463, 7000000464]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.