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Title: Light supports cell-integrity and growth rates of taxonomically diverse coastal photoheterotrophs
Authors: Arandia-Gorostidi, Nestor; Gonzalez, Jose M.; Huete-Stauffer, Tamara M.; Ansari, I, Mohd; Moran, Xose Anxelu G.; Alonso-Saez, Laura
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 2020, 22, 3823-3837
Abstract: Despite the widespread distribution of proteorhodopsin (PR)-containing bacteria in the oceans, the use of light-derived energy to promote bacterial growth has only been shown in a few bacterial isolates, and there is a paucity of data describing the metabolic effects of light on environmental photoheterotrophic taxa. Here, we assessed the effects of light on the taxonomic composition, cell integrity and growth responses of microbial communities in monthly incubations between spring and autumn under different environmental conditions. The photoheterotrophs expressing PRin situwere dominated byPelagibacteralesand SAR116 in July and November, while members ofEuryarchaeota,GammaproteobacteriaandBacteroidetesdominated the PR expression in spring. Cell-membrane integrity decreased under dark conditions throughout most of the assessment, with maximal effects in summer, under low-nutrient conditions. A positive effect of light on growth was observed in one incubation (out of nine), coinciding with a declining phytoplankton bloom. Light-enhanced growth was found inGammaproteobacteria(Alteromonadales) andBacteroidetes(PolaribacterandTenacibaculum). Unexpectedly, somePelagibacteralesalso exhibited higher growth rates under light conditions. We propose that the energy harvested by PRs helps to maintain cell viability in dominant coastal photoheterotrophic oligotrophs while promoting the growth of some widespread taxa benefiting from the decline of phytoplankton blooms.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: WILEY
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.15158
ISSN: 1462-2912
E-ISSN: 1462-2920
Funder: Basque Government in the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) [RYC-2012-11404, CTM-2010-15840]
Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness [CTM2016-80095-C2-2-R]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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