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Title: Chemical signatures in fin spine edge of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) can serve as habitat markers of geographically distinct marine environments
Authors: Lastra Luque, Patricia; Artetxe-Arrate, Iraide; Bidegain, Gorka; Claverie, Fanny; Pecheyran, Christophe; Murua, Hilario; Luis Varela, Jose; Medina, Antonio; Sakai, Saburo; Fraile, Igaratza; Arrizabalaga, Haritz
Abstract: Chemical fingerprints in otoliths are commonly used as natural habitat markers in fishes. Alternatively, the first dorsal fin spine can provide valuable chemical information and may be more suitable for studying (i) endangered fish species that cannot be sacrificed for their otoliths or (ii) fishes for which otoliths might not be available because of management or commercial reasons. Here, we studied multi-element chemistry of fin spine edges collected from Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT; Thunnus thynnus) (Linnaeus, 1758) to investigate the utility of the fin spine edge as a natural habitat marker. We determined stable isotopic delta 18O and delta 13C ratios, as well as concentrations of the tracer elements Mg, Mn, Li, Ba, and Sr, at the edge of ABFT fin spines, and then we used these measures to discriminate ABFT individuals among capture regions (i.e., the eastern Atlantic Ocean or Mediterranean Sea). Isotope ratios and tracer element concentrations, and especially a combined multi-element approach, were able to effectively discriminate individuals by capture region. The Mg, Mn, Li, and delta 18O concentrations were the strongest variables driving this discrimination. Overall, our results demonstrate that chemical signatures are consistently retained in the ABFT fin spine edge and support the use of fin spine edges for discerning habitat use. The fin spine chemistry as a minimally invasive sampling method, combined with otolith chemistry, genetic markers, and tagging efforts can help us to reconstruct fish movements, providing a deeper understanding of the spatial population dynamics of this iconic fish species.
Issue Date: 2022
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11757
E-ISSN: 2405-8440
Funder: European Union [753304]
Marie Curie Actions (MSCA) [753304] Funding Source: Marie Curie Actions (MSCA)
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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