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Title: Surfing the waves: Environmental and socio-economic aspects of surf tourism and recreation
Authors: Roman, Cristina; Borja, Angel; Uyarra, Maria C.; Pouso, Sarai
Abstract: Marine ecosystems contribute to human well-being, e.g. through the promotion of nature-based recreational activities such as surfing, which is a benefit obtained from Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES). Our research objective is to identify the benefits and impacts associated to surfing, and who are the main affected subjects and/or objects, achieving a better understanding of the sustainability status of this recreational activity. To this end, a bibliometric study and systematic review was carried out for the period 1965-2021. Benefits and impacts were collated and grouped according to their dimensional focus and type of effects in 6 groups (3-dimensional focus x 2 type of effects). The results revealed that since the beginning of 21st century surfing research topics are growing and diversifying. This review shows that implications of surfing go beyond direct users (i.e., surfers) and has consequences in diverse dimensions (environmental, socio cultural and economic), involving many stakeholders (e.g., scientific, and local communities). Most of the pieces of evidence collated in this research were related with the people who practice the activity and its social implications (psychological benefits as main benefit and injuries as main impact). Following an interdisciplinary approach, we obtained a holistic understanding of the surfing activity, not only in terms of the different dimensions addressed but on the sectors of the society that obtain benefits or are impacted by the activity. All of them should be considered and integrated to guarantee the sustainable management of this CES benefit.
Keywords: Cultural ecosystem services; Human well-being; Nature-based recreational activity; Surfing benefits; Surfing impacts; Sustainable management; MENTAWAI ISLANDS; LIFETIME PREVALENCE; ECOSYSTEM SERVICES; BLUE SPACE; SUSTAINABILITY; RESOURCE; HEALTH; INTERVENTION; PERSPECTIVES; MANAGEMENT
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: ELSEVIER
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154122
ISSN: 0048-9697
E-ISSN: 1879-1026
Funder: Universidade de Vigo/CISUG
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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