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Title: First Application of the AMBI Index to the Macrobenthic Soft-Bottom Community of Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea, Southern Ocean)
Authors: Munari, Cristina; Borja, Angel; Corinaldesi, Cinzia; Rastelli, Eugenio; Lo Martire, Marco; Pitacco, Valentina; Mistri, Michele
Abstract: The assemblages of marine benthic organisms and sediment characteristics were investigated in the coastal area between the Mario Zucchelli Antarctic Research Station and Adelie Cove in Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea, Southern Ocean) during the 2015 summer season. Sediment samples were taken from 11 stations at depths between 25 and 140 m. The dominance of sand characterised sites, and the biochemical composition of the sedimentary organic matter resulted in very variable between the different sites. A total of 142 taxa were identified, with Annelida (68 taxa) and Arthropoda (35 taxa) constituting the main macrobenthic groups. The benthic community at deeper stations showed higher species richness and lower dominance compared to the shallower stations. For the first time in Antarctica, we also investigated the response of the AZTI's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI) to the organic gradient. Of the 142 taxa found, 97 were not listed in the AMBI library, and we were able to assign as many as 88 taxa to an ecological group. All of these new species were added to the new AMBI species list. AMBI showed a good response to the organic gradient.
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3390/w14192994
E-ISSN: 2073-4441
Funder: Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca, Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide [2013/AZ1.21]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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