Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Title: Competitive season effects on polyunsaturated fatty acid content in erythrocyte membranes of female football players
Authors: Pena, Nere; Amezaga, Javier; Marrugat, Gerard; Landaluce, Alba; Viar, Toscana; Arce, Julen; Larruskain, Jon; Lekue, Josean; Ferreri, Carla; Ordovas, Jose Maria; Tueros, Itziar
Abstract: Background An optimal and correctly balanced metabolic status is essential to improve sports performance in athletes. Recent advances in omic tools, such as the lipid profile of the mature erythrocyte membranes (LPMEM), allow to have a comprehensive vision of the nutritional and metabolic status of these individuals to provide personalized recommendations for nutrients, specifically, the essential omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, individuating deficiencies/unbalances that can arise from both habitual diet and sportive activity. This work aimed to study the LPMEM in professional female football players during the football season for the first time and compare it with those defined as optimal values for the general population and a control group. Methods An observational study was carried out on female football players from the Athletic Club (Bilbao) playing in the first division of the Spanish league. Blood samples were collected at three points: at the beginning, mid-season, and end of the season for three consecutive seasons (2019-2020, 2020-2021, and 2021-2022), providing a total of 160 samples from 40 women. The LPMEM analysis was obtained by GC-FID by published method and correlated to other individual data, such as blood biochemical parameters, body composition, and age. Results We observed a significant increase in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (p 0.048) and total polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) (p 0.021) in the first season. In the second season, we observed a buildup in the membrane arachidonic acid (AA) (p < .001) and PUFA (p < .001) contents when high training accumulated. In comparison with the benchmark of average population values, 69\% of the football players showed lower levels of omega-6 dihomo-\& gamma;-linolenic acid (DGLA), whereas 88\%, 44\%, and 81\% of the participants showed increased values of AA, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and the ratio of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (SFA/MUFA), respectively. Regarding relationships between blood biochemical parameters, body composition, and age with LPMEM, we observed some mild negative correlations, such as AA and SFA/MUFA ratio with vitamin D levels (coefficient = -0.34 p = .0019 and coefficient = -.25 p = .042); DGLA with urea and cortisol (coefficient = -0.27 p < .006 and coefficient = .28 p < .0028) and AA with age (coefficient = -0.33 p < .001). Conclusion In conclusion, relevant variations in several fatty acids of the membrane fatty acid profile of elite female football players were observed during the competitive season and, in comparison with the general population, increased PUFA contents were confirmed, as reported in other sportive activities, together with the new aspect of DGLA diminution, an omega-6 involved in immune and anti-inflammatory responses. Our results highlight membrane lipidomics as a tool to ascertain the molecular profile of elite female football players with a potential application for future personalized nutritional strategies (diet and supplementation) to address unbalances created during the competitive season.
Keywords: Membrane lipidome; mature red blood cell; female athletes; inflammation; exercise; football; GAMMA-LINOLENIC ACID; VITAMIN-D; OMEGA-3 INDEX; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; SOCCER; OMEGA-3-FATTY-ACIDS; PLASMA; QUESTIONNAIRE; METABOLISM; PROFILE
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1080/15502783.2023.2245386
E-ISSN: 1550-2783
Funder: Department of Environment: Territorial Planning: Agriculture and Fisheries of the Basque Country Government
Basque Country Government
Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI) Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation [CER-20191010]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.