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Title: Anticipating fluctuations of bigeye tuna in the Pacific Ocean from three-dimensional ocean biogeochemistry
Authors: Taboada, Fernando G.; Park, Jong-Yeon; Muhling, Barbara A.; Tommasi, Desiree; Tanaka, Kisei R.; Rykaczewski, Ryan R.; Stock, Charles A.; Sarmiento, Jorge L.
Citation: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, 2023, 60, 463-479
Abstract: Subseasonal to decadal ocean forecasting can make significant contributions to achieving effective management of living marine resources in a changing ocean. Most applications rely on indirect proxies, however, often measured at the ocean surface and lacking a direct mechanistic link to the dynamics of marine populations. Here, we take advantage of three-dimensional, dynamical reconstructions and forecasts of ocean biogeochemistry based on a global Earth system model to hindcast and assess the capacity to anticipate fluctuations in the dynamics of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus Lowe) in the Pacific Ocean during the last six decades. We reconstructed spatial patterns in catch per unit effort (CPUE) through the combination of physiological indices capturing both habitat preferences and physiological tolerance limits in bigeye tuna. Our analyses revealed a sequence of four distinct regimes characterized by changes in the zonal distribution and average CPUE of bigeye tuna in the Pacific Ocean. Habitat models accounting for basin-wide fluctuations in the thermal structure and oxygen concentration throughout the water column captured interannual fluctuations in CPUE and regime switches that models based solely on surface information were unable to reproduce. Decade-long forecast experiments further suggested that forecasts of three-dimensional biogeochemical information might enable anticipation of fluctuations in bigeye tuna several years ahead. Synthesis and applications. Together, our results reveal the impact of variability of biogeochemical conditions in the ocean interior on the dynamics of bigeye tuna on the Pacific Ocean, raising concerns about the future impact of ocean warming and deoxygenation. The results also lend support to incorporating subsurface biogeochemical information into ecological forecasts to implement efficient dynamic management strategies and promote the sustainable use of marine living resources.
Keywords: bigeye tuna; ecological forecast; ocean biogeochemistry; ocean deoxygenation; Thunnus obesus; LIVING MARINE RESOURCES; THUNNUS-OBESUS; VERTICAL MOVEMENTS; DATA ASSIMILATION; GLOBAL OCEAN; HABITAT; MODEL; POPULATIONS; MANAGEMENT; FISHERIES
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: WILEY
Type: Article; Early Access
DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.14346
ISSN: 0021-8901
E-ISSN: 1365-2664
Funder: Nereus Program
Princeton University Cooperative Institute for Modelling the Earth System (CIMES)
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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