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Title: The Effect of Cinnamon and Ginger Spices on Anthocyanins in Sweetened Roselle Beverages
Authors: Omoarukhe, Esereosa D.; Harbourne, Niamh; Jauregi, Paula
Abstract: This study explores the potential benefits of spices (cinnamon and ginger) on Roselle anthocyanins within a sweetened Roselle beverage matrix. Anthocyanins and other related properties of the beverage (colour, antioxidant capacity, total phenolics, and pH) were observed from the start and monitored for 30 days at accelerated storage conditions (40 degrees C). The sweeteners at the amounts used (80 g/L granulated sugar and 0.32 g/L Stevia Reb A) did not have a significant effect on the initial anthocyanin content in the beverage and did not significantly impact degradation. Upon the addition of spices to the sweetened beverage, ginger (1 g/L) did not result in significant changes, initially or during storage. However, following the addition of cinnamon (1 g/L) to the beverages (unsweetened and sweetened), an initial increase in the total phenolic and FRAP antioxidant activity in the Roselle beverages was observed; furthermore, it reduced the degradation of anthocyanins and improved colour stability during storage. This effect is postulated to be due to a co-pigmentation reaction or the acylation of anthocyanins with a complex formed from the reaction of glucose with the phenolic compounds contained in cinnamon.
Keywords: Roselle beverage; anthocyanin; stability; spices; Stevia rebaudioside A; TEA HIBISCUS-SABDARIFFA; IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT; STABILITY; DEGRADATION; CAPACITY; EXTRACTS; SUGAR; ACID
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3390/beverages9010024
ISSN: 2306-5710
Funder: Niger Delta Development Commission [NNDC/DEHSS/2013PGFS/EDO/2]
Schlumberger Foundation: Faculty for the Future program
Gen Foundation (Registered UK Charity) [1071026]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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