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Title: Estimating the ecological, economic and social impacts of ocean acidification and warming on UK fisheries
Authors: Fernandes, Jose A.; Papathanasopoulou, Eleni; Hattam, Caroline; Cheung, William W. W. L.; Yool, Andrew; Pope, Edward C.; Flynn, Kevin J.; Merino, Gorka; Beaumont, Nicola; Austen, Melanie C.; Barange, Manuel; Queiros, Ana M.; Artioli, Yuri; Calosi, Piero; Widdicombe, Stephen
Citation: FISH AND FISHERIES, 2017, 18, 389-411
Abstract: Assessments of the combined ecological impacts of ocean acidification and warming (OAW) and their social and economic consequences can help develop adaptive and responsive management strategies in the most sensitive regions. Here, available observational and experimental data, theoretical, and modelling approaches are combined to project and quantify potential effects of OAW on the future fisheries catches and resulting revenues and employment in the UK under different CO2 emission scenarios. Across all scenarios, based on the limited available experimental results considered, the bivalve species investigated were more affected by OAW than the fish species considered, compared with ocean warming alone. Projected standing stock biomasses decrease between 10 and 60\%. These impacts translate into an overall fish and shellfish catch decrease of between 10 and 30\% by 2020 across all areas except for the Scotland >10m fleet. This latter fleet shows average positive impacts until 2050, declining afterwards. The main driver of the projected decreases is temperature rise (0.5-3.3 degrees C), which exacerbate the impact of decreases in primary production (10-30\%) in UK fishing waters. The inclusion of the effect of ocean acidification on the carbon uptake of primary producers had very little impact on the projections of potential fish and shellfish catches (<1\%). The <10m fleet is likely to be the most impacted by-catch decreases in the short term (2020-50), whereas the effects will be experienced more strongly by the >10m fleet by the end of the century in all countries. Overall, losses in revenue are estimated to range between 1 and 21\% in the short term (2020-50) with England and Scotland being the most negatively impacted in absolute terms, and Wales and North Ireland in relative terms. Losses in total employment (fisheries and associated industries) may reach approximately 3-20\% during 2020-50 with the >10m fleet and associated industries bearing the majority of the losses.
Keywords: Economic impact; employment; fisheries; ocean acidification and warming; revenue; social impact; HERRING CLUPEA-HARENGUS; CLIMATE-CHANGE IMPACTS; HIGH CO2; NORTHEAST ATLANTIC; MARINE ORGANISMS; ELEVATED PCO(2); MODEL; SCENARIOS; SEA; TEMPERATURE
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: WILEY
Type: Review
Language: English
DOI: 10.1111/faf.12183
ISSN: 1467-2960
E-ISSN: 1467-2979
Funder: UKOARP grants [MA NE/H017488/1, YA NE/H017372/1]
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
National Geographic Society
Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
European Community [289257]
European Union [678193]
[PC NE/H017127/1]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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