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Title: Target Strength and swimbladder morphology of Mueller's pearlside (Maurolicus muelleri)
Authors: Sobradillo, Beatriz; Boyra, Guillermo; Martinez, Udane; Carrera, P.; Pena, M.; Irigoien, Xabier
Abstract: In the last few years, there has been increasing interest in the commercial exploitation of mesopelagic fish and a trawl-acoustic methodology has been recommended to make estimates of abundance of these resources. This study provides relevant information on the scattering properties of a key mesopelagic fish species in the Bay of Biscay, Mueller's pearlside (Maurolicus muelleri), necessary to convert the acoustic density into numerical abundance. The target strength (TS) of pearlside was estimated for the first time at five frequencies commonly used in acoustic surveys. A high-density filter was applied to reduce the bias derived from overlapping echoes erroneously assigned to single targets. Its relationship with fish length (b(20)) was also determined (-65.9 +/- 2, -69.2 +/- 3, -69.2 +/- 2, -69.5 +/- 2.5 and -71.5 +/- 2.5 dB at 18, 38, 70, 120 and 200 kHz, respectively). Biomass estimates of pearlside in the Bay of Biscay during the four years of study (2014-2017) are given using the 38 kHz frequency. Morphological measurements of the swimbladder were obtained from soft X-ray images and used in the backscattering simulation of a gas-filled ellipsoid. Pearlside is a physoclist species, which means that they can compensate the swimbadder volume against pressure changes. However, the best fit between the model and the experimental data showed that they lose that capacity during the trawling process, when the swimbladder volume is affected by Boyle's law.
Issue Date: 2019
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-53819-6
ISSN: 2045-2322
Funder: AZTI-Tecnalia
Basque Government ``EUSKO JAURLARITZA - GOBIERNO VASCO, Ekonomiaren Garapen eta Lehiakortasun Saila - Departamento de Desarrollo Economico y Competitividad, Nekazaritza, Arrantza eta Eli. Politikasail Vice. de Agricultura, Pesca y Politicas Alimentarias��
Spanish Government ``Administracion del Estado, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentacion y Medio Ambiente, Secretaria General de Pesca��
CHALLENGES project of the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness [CTM2013-47032-R]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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