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Title: Analysis of Heterocyst and Akinete Specific Glycolipids in Cyanobacteria Using Thin-layer Chromatography
Authors: Garg, Ritu; Perez, Rebeca; Maldener, Iris
Abstract: Several filamentous cyanobacteria like Nostoc differentiate specialized cells in response to changes in environmental factors, such as low light or nutrient starvation. These specialized cells are termed heterocysts and akinetes. Under conditions of nitrogen limitation, nitrogen-fixing heterocysts form in a semi-regular pattern and provide the filament with organic nitrogen compounds. Akinetes are spore-like dormant cells, which allow survival during adverse unfavorable conditions. Both cell types possess multilayered thick envelopes mainly composed of an outermost polysaccharide layer and inner layers of glycolipids, that are important for stress adaptation. To study these envelope glycolipids, a method for the isolation, separation and analysis of lipids from heterocysts and akinetes is essential. The present protocol describes a method involving the extraction of lipids from cyanobacteria using solvents and their separation and visualization on silica plates, to render analysis simple and easy. This protocol is relevant for studying mutants that are defective in glycolipid layer formation and for the comparison of glycolipid composition of heterocysts and akinetes under different environmental stresses.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Heterocyst; Akinete; Envelope; Glycolipids; Thin layer chromatography; ENVELOPE
Issue Date: 2022
Type: Article
DOI: 10.21769/BioProtoc.4355
E-ISSN: 2331-8325
Funder: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) [GRK1708]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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